Monkeypox: Facts about the Disease
- Publish Date: 2022-08-10
Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease caused by the monkeypox virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus genus and Poxiviridae family. Many animal species, including rodents and monkeys, can transmit the virus. However, the natural reservoir is unknown yet. It can be transmitted to humans via close contact with infected animal or person, or contaminated materials. Monkeypox virus was first detected in 1958 among cynomolgus monkey’s colony in Denmark. The first human case of monkeypox was reported in September 1970 in a 9-month-old child with smallpox-like vesicular skin lesions. This virus usually affects humans and animals living in Central and West Africa, yet it led to several outbreaks previously out of Africa since its discovery. Since 7 May 2022, monkeypox started to appear again in non-endemic countries. By 29 July 2022 at 9:00 PM (GMT), 22485 confirmed cases were recorded worldwide.