AU

Visceral and Cutaneous Leishmaniases in a City in Syria and the Effects of the Syrian Conflict

War provides ideal grounds for the outbreak of infectious diseases, and the Syrian war is not an exception to this rule. Following the civil crisis, Syria and refugee camps of neighboring countries witnessed an outbreak of leishmaniasis.

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Current Issue

EVALUATION OF THE USING OF AUTOHEMOTHERAPY IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PROSTATITIS BY REBUCK'S SKIN WINDOW TECHNIQUE

Chronic prostatitis is the first among men's genital diseases, affecting men at the age of 25-40 years. Many researchers have studied the various immune system episodes in chronic Prostatitis patients

International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences

Hereditary Ovarian Cancer and Germline Mutations: Review Article

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy, nearly 80% of patients are diagnosed at advanced stage disease (III/IV). Different risk factors are associated with ovarian cancer Obesity, High fat diet, Hormone replacement therapy, and most importantly a family history of breast/ovarian cancer and/or colon cancer. Close relative with ovarian cancer increases a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer by ~3 times

Journal of Genetics and Genetic Engineering

The Detection of HER2 Gene Amplification in Breast Cancer by upQMPSF

The amplification of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) gene in breast cancer identifies patients eligible for Trastuzumab therapy. immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) are the only FDA approved techniques for evaluating HER2 status. However, Interobserver variability is still a dilemma

Journal of Genetics and Genetic Engineering

Relationship between ABO Blood Group and End-stage Renal Disease in Latakia, Syria

The relationship between blood group type and the incidence of diseases has been studied.1 Some studies reported possible link between blood group O and stomach cancer,2-5 bladder cancer in group A carriers6 and hepatocellular carcinoma in non-group (O) carriers

Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

The relationship between segmentation failure and spermatozoa motility characteristics

Dynamics of sperm motility (sperm velocity, percentage of motility and flagellar beat frequency) and monthly variations of semen characteristics (semen volume and osmolality and sperm concentration and motility) were studied. These criteria were used in the embryology laboratory and reproductive biology in the city of Lattakia, Syria, This study showed that sperm velocity, percentage of motility and beat frequency significantly and rapidly decreased after the activation of sperm motility. To study the dynamics of sperm motility parameters, twenty permeating males were randomly selected and electronically tagged to study the variations of semen characteristics. Specially we focused on the relationship between segmentation failure in cases treated with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) to define the characteristics using the Computer Assisted Sperm Analysis (CASA).

American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences

Separating a mixture of Re (VII), Mo (VI), V (V) and W (VI) ions using the thin layer electro-chromatography method on a thin layer of perlite

This paper presents a new method for separating Rhenium, Molybdenum, Vanadium and Tungsten ions on a thin layer of Perlite using the thin layer -electro-chromatography method. This method is based on the combination between chromatographic forces and electric forces by applying different voltages on the separation plate for different times using several electrolytes as different mobile phase concentrations, at different applying field duarations on the process. This method also shows the possibility of using Perlite as a thin layer in this kind of separation process, which can apply in the separation of other types of biochemistry and inorganic ions This relatively simple method is cost effective.

Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry

Prevalence of intestinal helminths infection in patients reporting to the microbiological laboratory at Tishreen University Hospital, Lattakia, Syria, during the years 2016-2017

The study was conducted with the aim of detecting intestinal helminth infection in those living in Lattakia Governorate, and to determine their species and prevalence through laboratory screening of stool samples for patients visiting the Microbiology Laboratory at Tishreen University Hospital - Lattakia during the years 2016 - 2017.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

A Study in the epidemiology of Tuberculosis in the province of Tartous- Syria for the period 2012-2016

This study aims to identify the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in Tartous governorate, due to the increase in the number of infections in the governorate during the period (2012-2016)

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

الكشف عن وجود ديدان طفيلة في مياه خزان سد الصوراني في محافظة طرطوس

The study was conducted on samples of Al-Sourani dam reservoir water (Al- Sheikh Badr - Tartous province) for proving or denying the presence of parasitic helminthes eggs during the period from October 2015 to September 2016

Tishreen University Journal for Research and Scientific Studies

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the effect of topical Application of 4-Aminomethyl- Benzoic Acid (4-ABA) in Homeostasis of the bleeding after atraumatic tooth extraction in patients taking warfarin.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL CLINICS

INDUCED OSTEOGENSIS BY PERIOSTEAL DISTRACTION IN CRANIO-MAXILLOFACIAL REGION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

The aim of this work is to review the literature on the role of periosteal distraction in osteogensis (PDO) in the cranio - maxillofacial region

International Journal of Current Research

marginal adaption and nano leakage investigation of three metal ceramic inlay designs - an invitro study

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the influence of metal framework design on fracture strength, marginal adaptation and nano leakage of three designs of metal ceramic inlays. Materials and Methods: Three designs for metal ceramic inlays with different metal framework extension were studied: Group A - metal extension on all cavity walls, Group B- on all cavity walls but 1.5mm below cavo-surface margin, Group C- on pulpal, axial and ginigival walls. Empress 2 all-ceramic inlays were used as controls (Group D). The fabricated inlays were cemented into standardized resin teeth using adhesive resin cement.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL CLINICS

TOXICITY OF DENTAL AMALGAM : REVIEW

The subject of the toxicity of amalgam despite gave custody of which dates back to 1926, non-it is still the subject of debate and controversy between supporters and opponent of the claim that toxic as restored and re-toxicity of mercury compounds it contains. The purpose of this Study to review scientific articles that talked about the subject, whether in favor or against the use of amalgam and confirmation to follow the scientific method installer evidence for truth.

International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences

THE STATIC PERIOSTEAL DISTRACTION WITH PLASMA RICH IN GROWTH FACTORS (PRGFS) IN HORIZONTAL AUGMENTATION OF THE MANDIBLE: CLINICAL STUDY

steogenesis by “periosteal distraction (PDO) without corticotomy has been suggested as a new technique for bone augmentation. Various methods have been used to enhance bone healing in the distracted area. This study was aimed to evaluate the role of static periosteal distraction with plasma rich in growth factors (PRGFs) in a new bone formation

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC RESEARCH FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY

THE ROLE OF STATIC PERIOSTEAL DISTRACTION WITH PLASMA RICH IN GROWTH FACTORS (PRGFS) IN BONE FORMATION: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN THE RABBITS

Osteogenesis by “periosteal distraction (PDO) without corticotomy has been suggested as a new technique for bone augmentation. Various methods have been used to enhance bone healing in the distracted area. This study was aimed to evaluate the role of static periosteal distraction with plasma rich in growth factors (PRGFs) in a new bone formation. Titanium mesh was placed between the periosteum and lateral surface of the mandible in 10 adult rabbits.

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC RESEARCH FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY

THE EFFECT OF SEX ON THE WIDTH OF THE IMPACTED LOWER THIRD MOLAR AREA IN ADULTS FROM THE SYRIAN COAST WITH SKELETAL MALOCCLUSION IN THE SAGITTAL PLANE: A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY

Impacted mandibular third molar area (retromolar space ) has been a topic of interest for a long time, and one of the most investigated parameters for two reasons:1- the lower third molars are the second most frequently impacted teeth 2- the lack of space is considered to be the major cause of this.so the radiographic diagnosis for this area is an important issue for orthodontists because of it's important role in mandibular third molar eruption wich play an impact on lower arch crowding and stability of orthodontic treatment.O

International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences

Buccal fat pad flap in management of oroantral fistula: a retrospective study

Background: The oroantral fistula is a pathological communication between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity lined by epithelium. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the use of pedicled buccal fat pad graft in the closure of oroantral fistula. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on patients with oroantral fistulae treated by pedicled buccal fat pad graft from 2011 to 2014.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL CLINICS

Autotransplantation of a lower third molar germ without its follicle immediately after removal of unrestorable first molar

Orthodontic autotransplantion can be defined as the placement of a tooth or tooth germ, with or without vitality, in a natural alveolus corresponding to another tooth, or in an artificially created alveolus for this end. Careful patient selection coupled with the selection of appropriate techniques are prerequisite for a good functional treatment and proper esthetic outcome. The purpose of this article was to report a case of a seventeen years old female patient who has undergone tooth autotransplantation, in which the patient was operated by replacing a non-restorable left mandibular first molar on the same side with that of lower third molar germ without its follicle from.

INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL OF STUDENT’S RESEARCH

Neonatal Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism at Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital in Lattakia, Syria

The main role of thyroid hormones is to maintain normal brain growth during a critical period of life. Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the most common cause of mental retardation

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Quantitative determination of albendazole forced degradation percentages by densitometric thin layer chromatographic method

Simple densitometric thin layer chromatographic method has been applied in this study to proceed forced degradation test of albendazole by subjecting drug to acidic, alkaline, oxidative, thermal

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

ZIKA VIRUS: A BRIEF REVIEW

This review highlights the Zika virus which is considered a global concern due to its rapid pandemic potential and effect on humans

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research

GC-MS Analysis of European Mistletoe (Viscum album L.) Plant Grown at Syrian Coastal Area

In this study, efforts were made to isolate phtochemicals from European mistletoe (Viscum album L.) using hot (Soxhlet) and cold (magnetic rotation) extraction methods

AJ C SIAN OURNAL OF HEMISTRY

Ebola Virus: An Overview Disease and Treatment

: Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a life-threatening viral disease. Death rate ranges between 30% and 90%

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research

Prevalence of intestinal helminths infection in patients reporting to the microbiological laboratory at Tishreen University Hospital, Lattakia, Syria, during the years 2016-2017

The study was conducted with the aim of detecting intestinal helminth infection in those living in Lattakia Governorate, and to determine their species and prevalence through laboratory screening of stool samples for patients visiting the Microbiology Laboratory at Tishreen University Hospital - Lattakia during the years 2016 - 2017.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Toxoplasma gondii: Fact Review

Here the general aspects of Toxoplasma gondii infection will reviewed in short, Generally, Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite that causes the toxoplasmosis with complications varying from mental diseases to death

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

A Study in the epidemiology of Tuberculosis in the province of Tartous- Syria for the period 2012-2016

This study aims to identify the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in Tartous governorate, due to the increase in the number of infections in the governorate during the period (2012-2016)

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Visceral and Cutaneous Leishmaniases in a City in Syria and the Effects of the Syrian Conflict

War provides ideal grounds for the outbreak of infectious diseases, and the Syrian war is not an exception to this rule. Following the civil crisis, Syria and refugee camps of neighboring countries witnessed an outbreak of leishmaniasis.

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Current Issue

الكشف عن وجود ديدان طفيلة في مياه خزان سد الصوراني في محافظة طرطوس

The study was conducted on samples of Al-Sourani dam reservoir water (Al- Sheikh Badr - Tartous province) for proving or denying the presence of parasitic helminthes eggs during the period from October 2015 to September 2016

Tishreen University Journal for Research and Scientific Studies

Analytical Methods of Ciprofloxacin and its Combinations Review. Journal Name: Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Ciprofloxacin is a second generic and an antibiotic generic drug. It is a very popular fluoroquinolone that can treat a number of bacterial infections. The quinolones are family or a group that has activity against both - negative and positive –gram bacteria, when compared to Ciprofloxacin.

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Determination of Clopidogrelbisulphate using Drug Selective Membranes

Newly developed ion selective electrode has been developed for determination of Clopidogrelbisulphate(CLP) in pure form and pharmaceutical preparations. The selective electrode was constructed from Clopidogrel with pairing agent Nesslerreagentin presence of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) as the plasticizing solvent mediator.

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology · May 2018

Determination of Prasugrel Hydrochloride in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Formulation Using New Ion Selective Electrodes

The construction and performance characteristics of Prasugrel hydrochloride (PRS) selective electrodes were developed. Electrodes were based on the incorporation of PRS with pairing agents, Ammonium Molybdate (MOL) and Nessler reagent (NES).

Research Journal of Pharmacy And Technology

The Influence of Temperature and Moisture on the Physical and Chemical Properties of Metformin Hydrochloride Tablets (850 mg) Marketed in Syria

Stability is an essential factor of quality, safety, and efficacy of a drug product. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of moisture and temperature on metformin hydrochloride tablets (850 mg) marketed in Syria.

International Journal Of Pharmacy And Pharmaceutical Research

Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils of Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia officinalis and Anthemis nobilis Widespread in the Syrian Coast

We aimed in this study to determine the antibacterial efficacy of essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia officinalis leaves and Anthemis nobilis flowers widespread in the Syrian coast against several strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Review Study on the Physiological Properties and Chemical Composition of the Laurus nobilis

The Laurus nobilis is one of the plants of the lauraceae species which has many physiological properties. It is an antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-oxidant and other properties that make laurel oil and its compounds a good and a valuable substance for use in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, chemically contains many compounds such as: turbines, anthocyanins coumarins and others.

The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal

Isolation and Ultra-Purification of Oleic Acid Extracted from Olive Oil Using Urea Crystallization

Oleic acid is an omega-9 fatty acid that is found naturally in many vegetable sources and animal products The major component in olive oil is the triglyceride esters of oleic acid. This triglyceride is one of the sources of good cholesterol

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Artificial sweeteners and their safety

The desirable taste for sugar is innate but too much consumption of sugar can cause tooth decay and some health complications such as obesity and diabetes, which lead to the prevalence of the sugar substitutes (sweeteners). Sugar substitutes are alimentary additives which have a sweet taste like sugar and can be either natural sweeteners or artificial sweeteners

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Phytochemical Study of Laurus Nobilis in Syria

This study was made to recognize the microscopic formation of Lauraus Nobilis leaves, which were collected from different places from Tartous, Syria. And the results showed: fibres and sclereids, oil cells, vessels, stomata and epidermis. Later, six extracts were obtained by using six different solvents: ethanol, methanol, n-hexan, acetic acid, chlorophorm, dichloromethane, these extracts were used for TLC analysis which showed that the L.nobilis contain: limonien, 1,8 cineol, linalool, terpinol. A part of the extracts were used for the chemical tests by using the suitable reagents that resulted the presence of Flavonoids, Alkolids and Tannins.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Epidemiological study of Leishmania parasite in Safita area- Tartous, Syria

This study aims to define the features of the epidemiological picture of leishmaniasis in Tartous through Safita district in collaboration with the health center of Leishmania in Safita province during the period 2010-2014.We adopted the recorded data of leishmaniasis cases from the Health center and made statistical analysis to evaluate the relationship of leishmaniasis prevalence with different variables

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

SELF‑MEDICATION AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN TWO UNIVERSITIES IN SYRIA

Self-medication is the selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized illnesses or symptoms. Studies performed on self-medication reveal that it is a fairly common practice, especially in economically deprived communities.

International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Spectrophotometric Determination of Haloperidol in Pure Form and Pharmaceutical Formulation using Calcon and Amido Black

Two simple, rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric methods have been developed for determination of Haloperidol (HP) in pure form and pharmaceutical formulations. A good sensitive colour reaction has been developed, based on the fact that Haloperidol (HP) reacts with a Calcon (Cal) or Amido Black (AB), to form an ion-association complex in acidic buffer solution, giving pink color with Calcon and blue color with Amido Black, the absorbance of chloroform extracted complexes were measured at 531 nm and 626 nm respectively. The effects of analytical parameters on the reported systems were investigated.

indian journals

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM LEAVES AND FLOWERS OF INULA VISCOSA (L.) IN AL-QADMOUS REGION, SYRIA

Leaves and flowers of Inula viscosa (L.) were collected from fields in Al-Qadmous, Syria. Essential oil was isolated by classical method of hydro distillation using the Clevenger-type apparatus.

International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Screening of Antibacterial activity in Vitro of Cyclamen hederifolium tubers Extracts

This study was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of four extracts of Cyclamen hederifolium tubers plant belonging to the Primulaceae (Myrisinaceae) family collected from the coastal surrounding, Lattakia, Syria.

rjpt online

Development of Rapid, Simple and Stability-Indicating Method for Determination of Azithromycin Using RP-HPLC

An accurate, sensitive, precise and stability indicating (in accordance with ICH guidelines) reversed phase high performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method of analysis of Azithromycin was developed and validated.

Asian Pharma Press

Analyze Study of Water in Emergency Departments at General Hospitals of the Syrian Coast

n this paper, the samples of Emergency departments water were collected in sterilized flasks from general hospitals of the Syrian Coast, during the period (15/5/2015 to 20-11 - 2015).

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

Identification and Characterization of Prasugrel Degradation Products by GC/MS, FTIR and 1H NMR

The objective of the present work was to separate, identify and characterize the degradation products of Prasugrel hydrochloride under hydrolytic and oxidative stress conditions according to the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guideline Q1A (R2).

Research Gate

Evaluation of Physical and Chemical Properties of Paracetamol (500mg) Tablets Marketed in Syria

Paracetamol is medicine in all country and accessible without a prescription. Many commercial types of paracetamol tablets (500mg) are available in the Syrian drug market. The objective of this article is to evaluate the physicochemical characterizes for five commercial types of paracetamol (500 mg) tablets marketed in Syria. Paracetamol was evaluated for mass uniformity, friability, hardness, content uniformity, and dissolution rate. All the groups complied with the pharmacopieal specifications for mass uniformity and friability tests. Two brands (B, D) passed the USP requirements for content uniformity with values (90-110%) while the remaining groups failed. Three tested groups released more than 80% drug in 30 minutes except group A and group C.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Comparative Study of Different Formulations of Chlorpheniramine Maleate Orally Disintegrating Tablets

Patient compliance is a key factor in recovery or healing, and hard-to-swallow tablets are one of barriers against patient compliance. The purpose of this study is to formulate and evaluate different formulations of Orally Disintegrating Tablets (ODTs) of Chlorpheniramine Maleate.

International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF SYRIAN PROPOLIS EXTRACT AGAINST SEVERAL STRAINS OF BACTERIA IN VITRO

We aimed in this study to evaluate the effectiveness of Syrian propolis on some bacterial strains isolated from Al-Assad hospital in Latakia, to estimate its antimicrobial activity. Thus, we studied two propolis samples from two regions in the Syrian coast, and prepared ethanolic extracts of propolis (EEP) with different concentrations (0.5%, 1%, 5%, 10%, and 20%). Then we tested these extracts on four strains of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Acinetobacter baumannii), using pore method on Muller Hinton Agar. As we observed, the bacteria showed diverse susceptibility to the extracts and the most susceptible bacterium was Staphylococcus aureus which was sensitive to all concentrations and especially for EEP 20%. However, the least affected bacteria were E. coli and Pseudomonas, as the 0.5% and 1% EEP had no efficacy. On the other hand, there were little differences in antimicrobial activity between the two samples of propolis.

WORLD JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

ANALYTICAL METHODS OF PERINDOPRIL, REVIEW

Perindopril erbumine is an antihypertensive, which belongs to the category of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) that inhibit the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. The aim of this review is to focus on a comprehensive update of analytical methods for determination of Perindopril and its metabolites in human plasma and in pharmaceutical preparations. It has been described using TLC, RP-HPLC, GC, Mass and UV methods. This review provides detailed information on separation conditions for perindopril alone, perindopril in presence of its degradation products or with its combinations.

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Determining the Amount of the Lead Impact via Light Spectrum in the Solid Phase

This study deals with developing a method to determine the impact of lead via the light spectrum in the solid phase. This method is characterized by selectivity, speed and ease in performing the analysis. It also allows secure detection of low (LOD) and high accuracy analysis (LOQ).

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

ANALYSIS OF CANAGLIFLOZIN, REVIEW

Canagliflozin, being a Sodium Glucose co-Transporter type 2 (SGLT2) Inhibitor, as a new class for treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, offer a novel mechanism of action, which has been recently approved by USFDA for use in type 2 diabetes mellitus, either alone or in combination with other oral hypoglycaemic agents and insulin. The aim of this review firstly to focus on a comprehensive update of chromatography determination of Canagliflozin in bulk and in pharmaceutical preparations, In which has been described using TLC, HPLC/MS, RP-HPLC and UV methods. Secondly to localize the chromatographic conditions for separation and quantification. This review provides detailed information on separation conditions for Canagliflozin alone, with Metformin and in the presence of its degradation products.

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Determining the Concentration of Fluoride in some Water Bodies on the Syrian Coast using Fluoride Selective Electrode

This is a study of the concentration of fluoride in some water bodies on the Syrian Coast such as sea water, artesian wells, rivers, dams, wastewater and rain water. It offers a comparison between the concentration of Fluoride (F) standard of the World Health Organization (WHO) and that of the Syrian standard

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Antibacterial activity of various Syrian honey types against Pseudomonas aueruginosa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen causing severe, acute and chronic nosocomial infections in urinary and pulmonary tracts, burns and wounds. Currently, there is an urgent and global need for alternative antimicrobial strategies to fight the continuous rise of P. aeruginosa resistance to different antibiotics. This led to a re-evaluation of the therapeutic use of ancient medicines such as honey. Different concentrations ranging from 0.02-50% of six different Syrian honeys were used in this study against resistant P. aeruginosa. The minimum inhibitory concentration was determined using spectrophotometric at 620 nm. Carduoideae flowers, black seed, anise and oak honey samples showed a MIC of 12.5%, whereas the MIC of Montana and cotton honey samples was 25%. In conclusion, Syrian honey possesses an in vitro antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa and could be an alternative topical choice in the treatment of wound infections.

Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Materials and Methods for cleaning dentures- a review

Todays dentists and patients has the awareness that accumulation of plaque on dentures has an impact on patients general health. Patients are willing to learn proper oral hygienic techniques and use of advanced materials for the maintenance of the dentures. Dentists have an obligation to motivate and instruct the patient and provide the means and methods for plaque control. This review paper discuss current materials and methods for cleansing dentures and different ways for maintaining oral hygiene.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DENTAL CLINICS

New electrochemical methods for the determination of Prasugrel using drug selective membranes

Prasugrel ion selective electrodes were constructed from PVC matrix containing Prasugrel HCl and [ ammonium Reineckate (PRS-RNK )] or [ sodium Tungstate (PRS-TUN) as the sensing elements in presence of di-n- butyl phthalate (DBP) as the plasticizing solvent mediator . the best PVC membrane electrodes were made of 4% ion pair for both (PRS-RNK) and (PRS-TUN) , 48% PVC , 48% DBP

International Journal of Academic Scientific Research

Analysis of Prasugrel by Chromatography - Review

Prasugrel, being a potent platelet aggregation inhibitor, is used widely around the world to reduce cardiovascular risks in patients with stroke, myocardial infarction, and atherosclerosis. The aim of this review firstly to focus on a comprehensive update of chromatography determination of Prasugrel and its metabolites in human plasma, and in pharmaceutical preparations. It has been described using TLC, HPLC/MS, RP-HPLC, and UV methods. Secondly to localize the chromatographic conditions for separation and quantification. This review provides detailed information on separation conditions for Prasugrel alone, with Aspirin, and in the presence of its related compounds

International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research

Antibacterial Activity of Asphodelin lutea and Asphodelus microcarpus Against Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolates

Objective: the present study aimed at evaluation of antibacterial activity of wild local Asphodelus microcarpus and Asphodeline lutea against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates.. Methods: Antimicrobial activity of the crude extracts was evaluated against MRSA clinical isolates using agar wells diffusion. Determination of minimum inhibitory concentration( MIC)of methanolic extract of two studied plants was also performed using tetrazolium microplate assay

International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research

Synergistic effect of Thymbra spicata L. extracts with antibiotics against multidrug- resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains

To evaluate the in vitro interaction between different extracts of Thymbra spicata L. and certain antimicrobial drugs of different mechanisms, including ampicillin, cefotaxime, amikacin and ciprofloxacin.

Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences

Assessment of physicochemical properties of metformin hydrochloride (850mg) tablets marketed in Syria

There are several generics of metformin hydrochloride tablets available within the drug delivery system globally. Numerous brands of Metformin tablets (850mg) are available in the Syrian drug market. The objective of this study is to determine the biopharmaceutical and chemical equivalence of five brands of Metformin tablets marketed in Syria.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Vitamin D: Structure and Physiological Importance

Vitamin D is a steroid hormone. Our body can synthesize vitamin D upon exposure to sunlight unlike all other vitamins, or obtain it from fortified foods or dietary supplements. Interesting aspects have been clarified lately about this vitamin metabolism in the living cell and its different physiological roles concerning mineral and bone homeostasis, cardiovascular function, renal diseases, cancer and immune system modulation. This review summarizes the impact of vitamin D and vitamin D metabolites (25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]) in the human body

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Continued Progress towards Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis

Lymphatic filariasis is one of the most debilitating neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). It causes many infectious diseases leading to physical disabled, mental, social and financial losses. Since the year 2000, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a campaign to eliminate lymphatic filariasis, and significant achievements have been made in limiting the prevalence of disease in endemic regions. We will highlight certain points on Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) and review the possibility of vaccine development against lymphatic filariasis in humans.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

DETERMINING THE AMOUNT OF NICKEL IN BRONZE ON SOLID PHASE USING CATION EXCHANGER ON STRONG ACID

A method was designed for the determination the amount of nickel in bronze. It was based on the adsorption of nickel on positive ion exchange of strong acid Amberlit CG-120 in form–H. HCl:acetone medium at pH=1 was used in order to separate other positive ions as chloride complexes. The fluids were filtered and the cation exchanger was treated with ammonium buffer solution pH=8-9, then it was treated with an ethanolic solution of Dimethylglyoxime. The determination of Nickel content was carried out using a spectrophotometer. Results indicated a content of 0.29±0.02%, whereas the nickel theoretical content was 0.31%. Using IR spectra, it was found that the adsorption of nickel on Amberlit CG-120 was due to covalent bonds with groups-SO3-, in the form of ammonium complexes.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Assessment of physicochemical properties of furosemide (40mg) tablets marketed in Syria

There are several generics of furosemide tablets available within the drug delivery system globally. Numerous brands of furosemide (40 mg) are available in the Syrian drug market. The objective of this study is to determine the biopharmaceutical and chemical equivalence of three brands of furosemide tablets marketed in Syria.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Separating a mixture of Re (VII), Mo (VI), V (V) and W (VI) ions using the thin layer electro-chromatography method on a thin layer of perlite

This paper presents a new method for separating Rhenium, Molybdenum, Vanadium and Tungsten ions on a thin layer of Perlite using the thin layer -electro-chromatography method. This method is based on the combination between chromatographic forces and electric forces by applying different voltages on the separation plate for different times using several electrolytes as different mobile phase concentrations, at different applying field duarations on the process. This method also shows the possibility of using Perlite as a thin layer in this kind of separation process, which can apply in the separation of other types of biochemistry and inorganic ions This relatively simple method is cost effective.

Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry

Anti-Staphylococcus aureus efficacy of six natural honey samples originated from Syria

Honey possesses many beneficial effects including antimicrobial properties which have drawn considerable interest. Six types of natural honey originating from Syria were randomly selected and tested for their antimicrobial effects against Staphylococcus aureus isolated from wound swabs. All the six types of honey showed antibacterial activity, however, Nagilla sativa honey sample was the most potent with a MIC of 25% (w/v%). Results of this study indicate that the antibacterial activity of locally available honey varies depending on their floral source. Further work is needed to identify factors which determine the antimicrobial efficacy of these different honey types. Their good antibacterial potencycould potentially be explored in vivo for the treatment of wound infections in patients.

Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Screening of Antibacterial Activity In vitro of Styrax officinalis L. Covers of Berries Extracts

This study is conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of one extract of Styrax officinalis L envelopes of berries plant belonging to the Styracae family collected from the coastal area surrounding the city of Lattakia, Syria.

rjpt online

Anthocyanin pigments: Structure and biological importance

Anthocyanins are coloured water-soluble pigments representing one of the major subclasses of compounds. They rarely exist in nature as free aglycons, instead, they attach to one or more sugar moieties. Anthocyanins are found within different plant organs; flowers, leaves, fruits, roots, tubers and grains. They appear in different attractive colours depending on their structure, pH, and other factors. These compounds gained a lot of attention in the last few years as food colourants replacing chemical dyes, besides their role in enhancing plant tolerance against many abiotic stresses such as salinity, drought, excessive light, ultraviolet radiation and cold stress. Besides, previous studies demonstrated the importance of anthocyanins in human health and their protective properties against chronic diseases.

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

A new tool to predict lung cancer based on risk factors

Lung cancer is one of the deadliest cancer in the world. Hundreds of researches are presented annually in the field of lung cancer treatment, diagnosis and early prediction

science direct

Regularization in Banach Spaces with Respect to the Bregman Distance

The Moreau envelope, also known as Moreau–Yosida regularization, and the associated proximal mapping have been widely used in Hilbert and Banach spaces

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Effect of Coating Materials on the Fatigue Behavior of Hip Implants: A Three-dimensional Finite Element Analysis

This study aims to validate, using finite element analysis (FEA), the design concept by comparing the fatigue behavior of hip implant stems coated with composite

Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics

A New Secure Wireless Body Sensor Network Architecture

A wireless body sensor network (WBSN), is a network of sensors deployed on a person's body, usually for health care monitoring. Since the sensors collect personal medical data, security and privacy are important components in BSN. At the same time, the collected data has to readily available in the event of an emergency. In this paper, we present a new secure WBSN architecture for a BSN

International Journal of Engineering Trends and Applications

Analysis Study of Routing Protocols Performance and RSU Attack for E-Call Service in VANET

The aim of our paper is to study some protocols used in Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET) for medical applications, using the Network Simulator (NS2), by applying two scenarios. The first is applied in a crowded area such as city centers, and the second is applied to the less crowded areas such as the countryside. In addition, we study the types of attacks on these networks and their effects on the network, we will focus our study on the analysis of the RSU attack based on the VANETSIM simulator and discuss the results.

International Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology

Enhanced DNA Cryptography for Wireless Body Sensor Networks

A Wireless Body Sensor Network (WBSN), is a network of sensors that worn or deployed on a person's body. This network plays an important role in medical field, where it allocates the vital information from the body and transmit it wirelessly to a central station to process it.We need to provide security and privacy for sent data because of the sensitivity of this information. In this paper, we propose an enhanced DNA cryptography technique that depending on nucleotides relationship concept to generate a data encrypted stream represent the sensors allocated data, so the intruder will not be able to modify this data while he is not knowing the technique of encryption, which provides a secure and private data transmission.

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering

Reducing Energy Consumption in WBSNs using Statistic Test to detect Duplicated Data

Duplication and redundancy in WBSNs refer to collect the same vital signs, using sensor attached on the patient body, over a period of time. Transmitting duplicated and similar data well consume the sensor battery faster, and increase the traffic in the network. Therefore, in this paper, we introduce a lightweight technique to detect duplicates data, using statistic test to identify the similarity between the data. Then preventing the sensor from sending this duplicated data,which leads to increase the lifetime of the sensor, and reduce energy consumption.

International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (A High Impact Factor, Monthly, Peer Reviewed Journal)

Controlling a Wheelchair Using Human-Computer Interaction

In this paper, a prototype of an interactive wheelchair for quadriplegics and amputees is presented. Quadriplegics are people who are the victims of partial or complete paralysis of both upper and lower limbs; this is often the cause of a spinal cord injury or a disease in the area around the neck. The design presented in this paper is based on the field of Human-Computer Interaction, in which the face features of the quadriplegic are used to give him/her the opportunity to realize his/her needs. The face gestures are transformed to electrical signals using python programming language and the well-known OpenCv library for image processing. Signals are furthermore transmitted to an Arduino Uno microcontroller, which gives the orders to the wheelchair to move according to the patient’s wish. The design was evaluated and the results were analysed.

International Journal of Science and Research

Finite element analysis of stress distribution on the mandible and condylar fracture osteosynthesis during various clenching tasks

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of clenching tasks on the stress and strain of condylar osteosynthesis screws and plates, as well as on the stress, strain distribution and displacement on the whole mandible and bone surrounding screws.

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Impact of the Emission Fluorescent Dyes Properties and Radiation heat transfer on Cotton Knitted Fabrics

the past 20 years there has been a remarkable Growth in the use of fluorescence in the biological sciences1. The sensitivity, simplicity, and selectivity of Fluorescence-based techniques make them particular attractive for in vitro and in vivo cellular and molecular biology studies[2]. Fluorescent dyes are used according to fashion trends in leisurewear clothes, especially sportswear and in the work clothes worn outside [5].

International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research

Comparison of MANET Routing Protocols Used in Home Health-Monitoring System for Elderly Patients

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) in medical applications. However, Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) promise to revolutionize health care in the near future. WBAN medical applications show great promise in improving the quality of life of people and satisfying many requirements of elderly people by enabling them to live safely, securely, healthily and independently. In this paper, we have simulated and analyzed well-known MANET routing protocols in WBAN of elderly long-term health monitoring system to determine which of them is much efficient to overcome MANET challenges in the medical applications. Various performance parameters used for comparison such as end-to-end delay, throughput, and packet loss ratio.

International Journal of Science and Research

Investigating the Relationship between Thermochromic Pigment Based knitted Fabrics Properties and Human Body Temperature

Thermochromic based pigment considered as one of the most functional dyes that used to give new functions to the fabrics which have been printed by them. The aim of this research is to approve the benefits of applying of the thermochromic based pigment on the knitted interlock fabrics for detection of skin temperature indication of physical exhaustion of the human body, the samples made of cotton, wool and polyester fabrics have been printed by using screen printing technology

IOSR Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering

Increasing Patients' Privacy While Using Search Engines and Social Media Websites

Search engines and social media websites offer us great services, but they collect their users' information, which could be considered as a privacy violation. It requires some serious work to increase user's privacy level while using search engines services or surfing social media websites, and especially for patients, whom records are considered confident, and these websites are capable to create a medical profile for each of them. Our contribution in this paper is to propose a new method that enables us to increase users' privacy level while using existing search engines and social media websites without replacing them, in a way that disables those websites from accessing users' information.

International Journal of Science and Research

Fabrication Attack Effect on Medical Applications based on VANETs

In the context of expansion of using Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks-VANETs in the medical field around the world, studying the attacks on these networks becomes an urgent need to overcome these attacks and to serve a safe use in medical applications. In this paper, we will focus on a fabrication attack scenario which is one of the most dangerous attacks on VANETs’ reliability. Our simulations are built using VANET-SIM simulator, in which we study the fabrication attack using three different scenarios that is taking place in Lattakia city.

International Journal of Computer Science Trends and Technology

AC Induced Corrosion of Underground Steel Pipelines under Cathodic Protection: III. Theoretical Approach with Electrolyte Resistance and Double Layer Capacitance for Mixed Corrosion Kinetics

In this series of papers, AC induced corrosion of steel pipe under cathodic protection was investigated. In this Part III, the most realistic model was devised, i.e., the cathodic current was composed of the reductions of dissolved oxygen partly controlled by diffusion and of the water following the Tafel law.

J. Braz. Chem. Soc

AC Induced Corrosion of Underground Steel Pipelines. Faradaic Rectification under Cathodic Protection: II. Theoretical Approach with Electrolyte Resistance and Double Layer Capacitance for Bi-Tafelian Corrosion Mechanism

AC corrosion enhancement of buried steel pipe is induced by high stray AC electromagnetic field and to the faradaic rectification due to non-linearity of current-potential characteristics. In Part I, this phenomenon was evaluated by neglecting the electrical resistance of soil electrolyte. In this part, we will examine when this resistance is no longer negligible.

J. Braz. Chem. Soc

Assessment of sagittal split ramus osteotomy rigid internal fixation techniques using a finite element method

In this study, finite element analysis (FEA) was used to evaluate nine rigid internal fixation techniques for sagittal split ramus osteotomy. To achieve this, a computed tomography (CT) scan of a healthy patient was obtained and used to generate the geometry of a half-mandible.

Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg

AC-Induced Corrosion of Underground Steel Pipelines. Faradaic Rectification under Cathodic Protection: I. Theoretical Approach with Negligible Electrolyte Resistance

Tubulações subterrâneas protegidos por um revestimento grosso e por polarização catódica podem sofrer danos externos sérios por corrosão na presença de tensão de corrente alternada (AC) dispersa induzida por sistemas industriais de transporte elétrico de alta tensão, como linhas de tensão ou ferrovias eletrizadas.

J. Braz. Chem. Soc

THE RECOGNITION SYSTEM OF SICKLE CELL ANEMIA BY USING HIDDEN MARKOV MODEL

The study of genetic mutations, that is responsible for diseases , is an important issue in genetics for its close relationship with the genetic evolution of living organisms , In this paper we present an algorithm that is bases on the Hidden Markov Models of recognition to the mutation that causes one of the most common genetic diseases, Sickle Cell disease, thus diagnoses the person state (infected, uninfected) , This method is applied to DNA sequence , Deoxyribonucleic acid, the practical application shows that the rate of recognition of an infected person equals (99%) and the rate of recognition of a healthy person equals (86.33%) ,All the code is written by using statistical program R.

International Journal of Development Research

COMPUTERIZED DESIGN OF TRANSFEMORAL SOCKETS A LITERATURE REVIEW

The Syrian crisis threw its weight on all aspects of social, economic and followed by a parallel rise in the census number of amputations in the upper and lower extremities, which imposed a great interest on the design and of the prostheses. On the other hand, the prostheses design and manufacturing should be achieved according to scientific and academic bases in order to ensure their effectiveness and suitability to the requirements of the patient. For this reason, this study was suggested to summarize previous works for all topics related to the design and manufacturing of lower prosthetics, starting from obtaining the digital model of the stump, passing through the most important principles used to suspend an artificial limb, and finally a summary of the methods used to test the designed parts before their fabrication.

Journal of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science

Schwartz Space and Differentiability of Fourier Transform

One of the reasons that the Fourier transform is so useful is that it converts operations on function f in to different operations on the function ˆ f . In this paper we discuss some properties of differentiability of Fourier transform and we generalize the results that are stated by many other authors, and we give some propriety in Schwartz's space S using the main result. Mathematics Subject Classification. 43A15, 43A32, 43A62.

International Journal of Novel Research in Physics Chemistry & Mathematics

Isolation and Ultra-Purification of Oleic Acid Extracted from Olive Oil Using Urea Crystallization

Oleic acid is an omega-9 fatty acid that is found naturally in many vegetable sources and animal products The major component in olive oil is the triglyceride esters of oleic acid. This triglyceride is one of the sources of good cholesterol

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

ASSESSMENT OF THE DESIGN AT THE PRIVATE HOSPITAL'S DEPARTMENTS AND THE GOVERNMENTAL HOSPITAL 's DIALYSIS DEPARTMENT

Hospital managers and facility planners are drawing on evidence-based design of hospitals to increase the likelihood that new facilities will generate the expected outcomes and the likelihood of designing facilities that function well for patients and staff and are cost-effective

International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH PRACTICE SELF BREAST EXAMINATION AND KNOWLEDGE OF THE RISK FACTORS REGARDING BREAST CANCER AMONG WOMEN IN AL-ANDALUS UNIVERSITY

Breast cancer is the most common form cancer among women worldwide. The study was aimed at assessing the knowledge level of breast cancer and breast self-examination, describe the extent of practice of breast self examination among respondents and describe their perceptions on the signs, risk factors and methods of prevention of breast cancer.

International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences

The Relationship between Work Values and Nursing Career Satisfaction

Values refer to what is important to the individual or group concerned, they represent a variety of concepts around which individuals orient their lives.

International Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences and Technology

ASSESSMENT OF THE DESIGN AT THE PRIVATE HOSPITAL'S DEPARTMENTS AND THE GOVERNMENTAL HOSPITAL 's DIALYSIS DEPARTMENT

Hospital managers and facility planners are drawing on evidence-based design of hospitals to increase the likelihood that new facilities will generate the expected outcomes and the likelihood of designing facilities that function well for patients and staff and are cost-effective

International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences

APPROPRIATENESS OF HOSPITAL LABORATORY SERVICES UTILIZATION

The appropriate use of hospital services (diagnostic testing and therapy) belongs firmly in the domain of quality care and clinical accountability

European Journal of Biomedical AND Pharmaceutical sciences

USE SIX SIGMA APPROACH TO IMPROVE PATIENT SAFETY AT A GENERAL HOSPITAL

Patient safety is considered the corner stone of the high quality medical care. This study applied Six Sigma set (DMAIC) to identify root cause(s) of medication error and propose appropriate strategies to prevent medication error incidences in healthcare sections. Six Sigma's approach of problem identification, measurement, and statistical analysis, improvement, and controls plans were covered at a general governmental hospital with number of beds is 93 beds, and number of physicians is 137 physicians.

European Journal of Biomedical AND Pharmaceutical sciences