Vitamin D: Structure and Physiological Importance

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Vitamin D is a steroid hormone. Our body can synthesize vitamin D upon exposure to sunlight unlike all other vitamins, or obtain it from fortified foods or dietary supplements. Interesting aspects have been clarified lately about this vitamin metabolism in the living cell and its different physiological roles concerning mineral and bone homeostasis, cardiovascular function, renal diseases, cancer and immune system modulation. This review summarizes the impact of vitamin D and vitamin D metabolites (25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D [1,25(OH)2D]) in the human body


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