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Hydatids or cystic echinococcosis results from being infected with Echinococcus granulosus that found in dogs as definitive hosts and humans, sheep, goats, and pigs as intermediate hosts, mainly prevailing in regions with animal husbandry. Echinococcosis is a public health concern, especially in developing regions; this is due to the medical and economic harm to humans and the inefficiency of treatment and the difficulties of diagnosis in the early stages of infection. Our review summarizes the historical backgrounds of Echinococcus, together with the biological and epidemiological aspects of parasite, in addition to diagnosis and treatment ways.


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