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Adverse effects are listed in decreasing order of severity.

Hypersensitivity: Anaphylaxis, rash, urticaria, subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus-like reactions, photosensitivity.

Cardiovascular: Arrhythmia, postural hypotension.

Metabolic: Diabetes mellitus, hyperkalemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, acidosis, hypercalcemia, hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hyperuricemia, hypochloremia.

Gastrointestinal: Jaundice and/or liver enzyme abnormalities, pancreatitis, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain.

Renal: Acute renal failure (one case of irreversible renal failure has been reported), interstitial nephritis, renal stones composed primarily of triamterene, elevated BUN, and serum creatinine, abnormal urinary sediment.

Hematologic: Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and purpura, megaloblastic anemia.

Musculoskeletal: Muscle cramps.

Central Nervous System: Weakness, fatigue, dizziness, headache, dry mouth.

Miscellaneous: Impotence, sialadenitis.

Thiazides alone have been shown to cause the following additional adverse reactions:

Central Nervous System: Paresthesias, vertigo.

Ophthalmic: Xanthopsia, transient blurred vision.

Respiratory: Allergic pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, respiratory distress.

Other: Necrotizing vasculitis, exacerbation of lupus.

Hematologic: Aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, hemolytic anemia.

Neonate and infancy: Thrombocytopenia and pancreatitis-rarely, in newborns whose mothers have received thiazides during pregnancy.

Skin: Erythema multiforme including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, exfoliative dermatitis including toxic epidermal necrolysis.