The most common adverse reactions reported in clinical trials ( ≥ 1%), were headache, pain in the extremities, injection site pain, and increase in fibrin D dimer levels.
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
During clinical development, TRETTEN was administered to 77 patients with congenital factor XIII A-subunit deficiency (3:2, male: female ratio) for a total of 1990 doses. Fifty patients (65%) were between the ages of 18 and 77 years (received 1338 doses), 21 patients (27%) were between the ages of 6 and less than 18 years old (received 560 doses), and 6 patients (8%) were less than 6 years old (received 92 doses). Patients were exposed for up to 4.5 years.
Of the 77 patients, 68 received 1979 monthly doses of 35 IU/kg of TRETTEN for routine prophylaxis of bleeding. Eleven single doses of TRETTEN have been administered to nine patients for pharmacokinetic investigations.
The adverse drug reactions reported included headache, pain in the extremities, pain at the injection site, and increase in fibrin D dimer levels (without evidence of thromboembolic events).
The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to TRETTEN with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.
Low level, non-neutralizing antibodies were seen in four of the 77 patients with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency. They were all under the age of 18 years. Three of these patients discontinued from trial after development of antibodies. All four patients received at least two doses, with at least one dose given subsequent to the formation of the non-neutralizing antibodies. These antibodies were not found to be of clinical significance.
In another study including 50 healthy subjects (29 males, 21 females), who were given 2 doses of TRETTEN, one subject developed low-titer, transient non-neutralizing antibodies after receiving the first dose of TRETTEN. The antibodies had no inhibitory activity, and the antibodies disappeared in the 6-month follow up.