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Module Goals

This module aims to introduce the student to:
- The dental pulp and its functions.
- The descriptive anatomy of maxillary and mandibular teeth: the status of dental pulp, internal anatomy of the pulp cavity and root furcation area, morphology and number of root canals, the anatomical defects that could be encountered in the maxillary and mandibular jaws, timeline of teething, etc.
- Pulpectomy, preparation of root canals, types of canal filling materials, preparation and use of these materials, methods of filling these canals and application of the final restoration.
Module description

This module provides the basic concepts of: endodontic density, tooth pulp and the internal anatomy of maxillary and mandibular teeth, how to open and get access to the pulp chamber in each tooth, root canals and their numbers, how to make longitudinal and cross sections in the root canals and pulp chambers for extracted teeth in order to identify the entry locations of the root canals, and the importance of preserving the bottom area in the pulp chamber.

The module also introduces the student to the right ways of using the endodontic instruments to extract the dental pulp and prepare the root canals, the irrigation solutions used in cleaning root canals and how to use them, types of materials used for filling root canals and how to deal with them and methods of root canal filling.

In addition, the module teaches students how to ensure the quality of the root canal filling through apex radiographic imaging and how to deal with badly filled canals.
Module Items
- Dental pulp and periodontal tissues
- Descriptive anatomy of maxillary teeth
- Descriptive anatomy of mandibular teeth
- Endodontic instruments
- Isolation in endodontic density
- Endodontic diseases
- Indications and contraindications of endodontics
- Conventional methods of working length determination
- Root canal preparation techniques
- Root canal irrigation solutions
- Conventional filling techniques of root canal
Teaching Methods

Lectures, presentations, practical sessions on human extracted teeth.

Assessment Methods

Quizzes, individual questions, homework and theoretical and practical tests. These account for 50% of the total marks.

Final exam (50%).